The legal basis for Biological Monitoring is set out in the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (Chemical Agent) Regulations, 2001 and the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act, 2005.
The Law is mandatory for only one substance – Lead
For all other chemical exposure risks the requirement for biological monitoring is determined by risk assessment including environmental monitoring.
Health surveillance should be carried out as appropriate, based on the outcome of a risk assessment.
Health surveillance may be appropriate/required for employees when:
- They work with substances that have been assigned a Biological Monitoring Guidance Value (BMGV).
- The exposure of an employee to a hazardous chemical agent is such that an identifiable disease or adverse health effect is known to be related to the exposure.
- There is a reasonable likelihood that the disease or effect may occur under the particular conditions of work.